TOP Programming Languages and Trends of 2020 • One Group Digital Solutions (2023)

As a software developer in the past, I get to see how some trends in programming languages emerge, while others age and slowly drop out of sight (but for long?).

In 2019, for example, Python dominated software engineering — which was widely used for web apps, software development, data science, and machine learning products.

Now that we’ve entered 2020, it’s time to take a look at the most promising programming languages and trends that you should focus on for your own projects today.

In this article, I want to review some of the options and share my opinion on the state of the programming industry. I will base my talk on my own personal observations as well as StackOverflow, PYPL, and TIOBE surveys for these programming trends.

TOP Programming Languages and Trends of 2020 • One Group Digital Solutions (1)

The top 10 most popular programming languages according to StackOverflow

TOP Programming Languages and Trends of 2020 • One Group Digital Solutions (2)

The top 10 most popular programming languages according to PYPL

TOP Programming Languages and Trends of 2020 • One Group Digital Solutions (3)

The top 10 most popular programming languages according to TIOBE Index

Python

StackOverflow: 4th

TIOBE Index: 3rd

PYPL ranking: 1st

Python is forecasted to remain among developers’ favorite programming languages well beyond 2020. Tech heads love Python’s straightforward syntax that helps them stay focused on the programming process instead of having to delve into code complexities.

Python remains highly attractive for commercial projects — the language is free to distribute and use since it runs on the OSI license. Its powerful toolkit is also noteworthy with, for example, the new release of Django — one of the most versatile and functional web development frameworks ever released — Django 3 has only begun to disclose its potential, and I can’t wait to see what comes later in the year as it continues to unveil more of its elements and full capabilities.

In the future, I believe we will see more of Python since Python 3.8 has just been released. I also doubt that there will be any demand on older versions like Python 2 which has reached its EOL as a product, so we can finally put it to rest.

Strong sides:

– Module support

– Open-source language

– Smooth learning curve

– High-performance speed

– User-friendly data structures

Weak sides:

– Weak mobile computing presence

– Language design restrictions

– Limitations in database access

Applications: web applications, desktop GUI applications, ERP and e-commerce systems, multimedia applications, 3D CAD applications.

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PHP

Stack Overflow: 8th

TIOBE: 8th

PYPL: 5th

There are very few developers who haven’t taken part in the ‘PHP is dead’ conversation. Even though the language is blamed for cumbersome syntax and rarely makes its way to the top-5 lists in the industry surveys, I believe in its strong sides and promising future. So we should not dismiss PHP just yet.

Today, PHP supports 79% of websites on the web, which results in huge demand for developers and an enormous amount of learning content for beginners.

Most importantly, the release of 7.4 beta and scheduled PHP 8 shows the community’s interest in this language.

The development team is also going to add Jit support to PHP, which will allow developers to improve the performance of their products by compiling bytecode to assembly code.

Strong sides:

– Large user community

– Contains garbage collection

– Regular expressions and database support

– Interpreted language

– Wide toolkit

Weak sides:

– Unpredictable type system

– Inconsistent function names

– No scoping

– Requires extensions to be fully compatible with C

Applications: web pages and web applications, CMS, GUI-based apps, data representation tools.

JavaScript

Stack Overflow: 1st

PYPL: 3rd

TIOBE: 7th

The JavaScript language is steadily developing as a front-end and back-end tool. I had expected more back-end developments over 2019 — however, SPA apps or CCR were not well-adopted by developers.

Still, at the end of the day, the growing power of Node.js and Electron.js helps expand the functionality of JS exponentially, opening the language to numerous new applications — designing bots, social media platforms, or daemons. As a client-side language, JavaScript takes little time to compile and is compatible with most modern browsers.

Strong sides:

– Performance speed

– Extended functionality

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– Interoperability

– Versatility

Weak sides:

– Browser support discrepancies

– Client-side security

– Weak debugging infrastructure

– No multiple inheritance support.

Applications: websites, web applications, server applications, mobile apps.

C++

Stack Overflow: 9th

PYPL: 6th

TIOBE: 4th

Although C++ is one of the harder languages to master, once you get the hang of it, you will be in more demand for lots of top-tier jobs in the gaming development industry, for example.

Its functionality, Unreal engine support, and a powerful blueprint system make C++ worth your while. C++ is still a powerful programming language for cross-platform development, as well.

Newcomers don’t fall short when it comes to learning content, either — there are dozens of blogs and Youtube tutorials at your disposal. As an object-oriented language, C++ employs classes, functions, inheritance, and other OOC features — if you have a Java background, learning the basics of C++ syntax will come fairly naturally.

Strong sides:

– Object-orientedness

– Portability

– Memory management tools

– Compatibility with C

– Scalability

Weak sides

– Pointers

– No garbage collector

– Built-in thread absence

– Code redundancy

Applications: database software, games, operating systems, browsers, embedded systems, compilers.

Kotlin

StackOverflow: 16th

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TIOBE Index: 33rd

PYPL ranking: 12th

As a language geared specifically towards building Android apps, Koltin is overshadowing Java as the №1 language for Android mobile app development. Designed by IDE developers, Kotlin includes impressive toolkits which help to drastically reduce the overall development time. The development team has also announced an update 1.4 on the horizon. In the future, I believe there’s more to come for this language.

Strong sides:

– Interoperability with Java

– Easily maintainable

– Compact code syntax

Weak sides:

– Fluctuating compilation speed

– Relatively small developer community

– Steep learning curve

Applications: Android apps, Gradle plugins, back-end development, data science.

Swift

StackOverflow: 15th

TIOBE Index: 10th

PYPL ranking: 9th

Although traces of the Swift/Objective debate are still all over the web, there are considerably fewer advocates for the latter. In the last couple of years, Apple-backed Swift has kept its leading position in iOS development. Tools like SwiftUI and Swift for TensorFlow make designing apps and dealing with mobile app innovations (like deep learning) much more manageable.

I am looking forward to seeing Swift’s serverless potential and the expansion of the language beyond designing mobile apps.

Strong sides:

– Rapid development process

– Interoperability with Objective-C

– Increased performance

– Decreased memory footprint

Weak sides

– Poor third-party and IDE support

– Doesn’t support early iOS versions

– Limited talent pool

Applications: apps for iOS, macOS, watchOS, and tvOS.

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C#

StackOverflow: 7th

TIOBE Index: 5rd

PYPL ranking: 4st

C# is one of the most powerful languages for desktop software development. It has a robust toolkit, is compatible with other programming languages, and possesses enormous cross-platform potential.

Granted, a steep learning curve and complex syntax is the price you pay for being able to write reusable code and work on projects collaboratively.

At the end of the day, the versatility of C# makes up for difficulties in mastering the language — good command of the language will open a wide range of job offers and will be helpful when designing cloud tools or APIs.

Strong sides:

– Integrates well with Windows

– High collaborative editing potential

– Compiled language

Weak sides:

– No support for older .NET frameworks

– Complicated syntax

– Case sensitivity

– Uses curly brackets

Applications: Windows client applications, Windows components and libraries, native mobile apps (iOS and Android), Azure cloud applications, back-end services, web applications, and web APIs.

What Lies Ahead for Programmers in 2020

2020 looks very promising, both for industry leaders and the software programming community and, if you are still not convinced, here is a fast run-through of some extra innovations I am excited to see by the end of this year.

– Uniting Dot Net Core and Dot Net Framework — having two frameworks in a common branch will simplify the development process and increase the speed of bringing software to the market.

– The steady growth of Kotlin — the development team is focused on building better infrastructure for the language and extending its scope beyond Android development.

– Growth of Python’s popularity, especially in emerging fields like machine learning and data science.

– More applications for PHP. Jit support and the PHP 8 release will broaden the scope of the language, allowing developers to apply PHP to a wider range of projects. I also expect an increase in market share for PHP frameworks — namely Laravel and CakePHP.

– Further development of JavaScript (and electron JS). Over the course of the year, I want to see the growth of JS frameworks — Node.js will support ECMA modules and WebAssembly. As for Electron.js, the new version of the framework now supports V8 and is compatible with Node.js.

– Release of C++ Standard 20 in February 2020. New features include concepts, three-way comparison support, extended lambda support, atomic smart pointers, and other perks.

Wrapping Up

2020 is an exciting year for programming languages. I can’t wait to see some of the new applications that PHP will offer developers outside the web, how the growth of Python and JS unfolds, and what emerging languages like Swift and Kotlin have in stock this year.

With such a wide range of available technologies, every aspiring developer will be able to find a comfortable language to learn. Getting to know new development tools is always fun and widens the world of possibilities.

FAQs

What is the most popular programming language in 2020? ›

According to Stack Overflow's 2020 Developer Survey, JavaScript currently stands as the most commonly-used language in the world (69.7%), followed by HTML/CSS (62.4%), SQL (56.9%), Python (41.6%) and Java (38.4%).

What is the new programming language in 2020? ›

The language's latest iteration, Python 3.9, was released on October 5, 2020. It includes even more new features such as relaxed grammar restrictions, flexible function and variable annotations, and new string methods to remove prefixes and suffixes.

Which of the following programming languages is the most popular in 2020 2021? ›

According to Stack Overflow's 2020 Developer Survey, JavaScript is the most popular language among developers for the eighth year in a row.

Which language is trending now? ›

Python is one of the most popular programming languages today and is easy for beginners to learn because of its readability.
...
Free Course: Programming with Python.
Level:Beginner – Python enables a beginner to become productive quickly
Platform:Web, Desktop
7 more rows
13 Oct 2022

Which is the No 1 programming language? ›

1. Python. Python can be regarded as the future of programming languages. As per the latest statistics, Python is the main coding language for around 80% of developers.

What are the 4 types of programming language? ›

5 major types of programming languages
  • Procedural programming languages. A procedural language follows a sequence of statements or commands in order to achieve a desired output. ...
  • Functional programming languages. ...
  • Object-oriented programming languages. ...
  • Scripting languages. ...
  • Logic programming languages.
30 Sept 2022

What are the 5 main programming languages? ›

To help you out, here are the top 5 programming languages for developers to get a grip on in 2022.
  • 1 Python. Python is the simplest language that can be learned by beginners. ...
  • 2 C/C++ C/C++ is used by people who continue to work on Microsoft and Windows. ...
  • 3 Java. ...
  • SQL. ...
  • Javascript.
2 Jul 2022

What is the most popular programming language in 2022? ›

As of 1 January 2022, the most popular programming language is Python. Python has a rating of 13.58%. This is an increase of +1.86 compared to January 2021.

What is the newest programming language 2022? ›

Python: When talking about hot programming languages in 2022, the list must start with Python. Probably no language is having a better year than Python, which recently slid into first place to become the very most popular language of all.

Which programming language has more demand in future? ›

Summary. It's clear that Javascript and Typescript really dominate the developer job market. Javascript and Typescript accounts for a total of 33% of the job offers that explicitly required a programming language. This is huge, meaning that nearly 1 out of 3 job offers required Javascript or Typescript knowledge.

What is the fastest growing programming language 2022? ›

Python. Python was developed in 1991 by Guido van Rossum as an object-oriented programming language and, based on the number of users, is the fastest growing programming language in the world. One big advantage of Python is its versatility, which allows it to be used for a variety of applications.

Which programming language is best for developing apps? ›

Java. Firstly Java was the official language for Android App Development (but now it was replaced by Kotlin) and consequently, it is the most used language as well. Many of the apps in the Play Store are built with Java, and it is also the most supported language by Google.

Which programming language is best for software development? ›

Python and C++ are two of the best programming languages for software development, though each language has its ideal uses. Python is versatile in its practical applications; developers often use it to power artificial intelligence, machine learning, web, and development.

Which programming language is best for web development? ›

15 Best Programming languages for Web Development in 2022
  • HTML.
  • CSS.
  • JavaScript.
  • Python.
  • Java.
  • Typescript.
  • Objective C.
  • C++
10 Oct 2022

What is the new programming language? ›

Kotlin: It is a statically typed language for modern multiplatform applications. Kotlin supports procedural programming with the use of functions. It became the third language fully compatible with Android after C++ and Java.

What programming language is growing the fastest? ›

Rust: Rust is one of the fastest-growing programming languages as it grew 234% in the past year and its applications will continue to grow in 2022 and beyond. It is a multi-paradigm, general-purpose programming language designed for performance and safety, especially for concurrency.

Which programming language is best in 2025? ›

Here are TOP 10 programming languages by popularity according to Stack Overflow survey:
  • JavaScript.
  • SQL.
  • Java.
  • C#
  • PHP.
12 Jan 2020

What are the 3 types of codes? ›

The Three Types of Code
  • Boring Code. Boring code is when it makes perfect sense when you read it. ...
  • Salt Mine Code. This is the type of code that's bonkers and makes not a lick of sense. ...
  • Radioactive Code. Radioactive code is the real problem at the heart of every engineering team.
3 Feb 2020

What are the two types of programming? ›

Programming languages can also be categorized into various paradigms or models of programming. Two dominant paradigms are imperative languages and declarative languages: An imperative language specifies the exact steps the computer must take to complete a desired action.

What are the 3 types of programming language? ›

There are three types of programming languages: machine language, assembly language, and high-level language. Machine language is easier for the computer to understand but harder for the programmer to understand. This is because machine language is simply the language of machines—bits.

Which programming language is most used in industry? ›

The top coding languages by industry
  • Cybersecurity - JavaScript. ...
  • E-commerce - Java. ...
  • Engineering - Objective-C. ...
  • Finance - Python. ...
  • Healthcare - Python. ...
  • IT & Cloud-based Solutions: SQL. ...
  • Marketing - SQL. ...
  • Science - MATLAB. As you can tell by the name, this language is built to compute.

Which programming language has the most jobs? ›

Developer training platform CodingDojo scoured job ads on careers website Indeed to find out which programming languages are in highest demand in 2022. It found that Python, Java, SQL and JavaScript appeared the most frequently in developer job ads, each appearing in more than 50,000 listings on Indeed.

What is the best programming language to learn to make money? ›

Java is one of the most popular and profitable programming languages. Particularly for client-server web applications, with a reported 9 million developers. The average Java programmer salary in the US can reach 80K dollars per year according to Glassdoor.

What is the best paid programming language? ›

The Top 10 Highest Paying Programming Languages of 2022
  • Clojure - $106,644/yr. Source: Clojure. ...
  • Erlang - $103,000/yr. Source: Erlang. ...
  • F# - $95,526/yr. Source: F# ...
  • LISP - $95,000/yr. Source: LISP. ...
  • Ruby - $93,000/yr. Source: Ruby. ...
  • Elixir - $92,959/yr. Source: Elixir. ...
  • Scala - $92,780/yr. Source: Scala. ...
  • Perl - $90,073/yr. Source: Perl.
15 Sept 2022

What will be the most popular programming language in 2030? ›

To make it a bit easier, here are the top 5 programming languages that are going to rule in the market by 2030.
  1. Kotlin. Kotlin is one of the most popular programming languages that is used for Android App Development that is creating a lot of buzz in the market. ...
  2. TypeScript. ...
  3. Swift. ...
  4. Logica. ...
  5. Go.

Which programming language is used in Google? ›

Go is an open source, strongly typed, compiled language written to build concurrent and scalable software. The language was invented at Google by Rob Pike, Ken Thomson, and Robert Griesemer.

Which programming language is best for mobile app development in 2022? ›

Java is among the top programming language for android app development. A vast community, a variety of solutions, and pre-made modules are all benefits. In general, developers may quickly and easily find solutions to any issues they experience.

How many programming languages are there? ›

According to the Online Historical Encyclopaedia of Programming Languages, people have created about 8,945 coding languages. Today, various sources report anywhere from 250-2,500 coding languages, although far fewer rank as top contenders in the commonly used group.

How many programming languages should I learn? ›

In my experience, all programmers should aim to know at least 3 programming languages. If you're only learning new languages on the surface, it won't prove to be worth your time.

What is the most popular coding language 2022? ›

Here are the top 5 programming languages for developers to get a grip on in 2022.
  1. 1 Python. Python is the simplest language that can be learned by beginners. ...
  2. 2 C/C++ C/C++ is used by people who continue to work on Microsoft and Windows. ...
  3. 3 Java. ...
  4. SQL. ...
  5. Javascript.
2 Jul 2022

Is Java losing popularity? ›

Are more software developers and engineers giving up Java for other programming languages? The TIOBE Index, which provides a monthly update of the world's most popular programming languages, has some data that suggests Java is indeed falling behind other, ultra-popular languages.

Is C++ still in demand? ›

C++'s speed and efficiency are relied on by many tools and frameworks. Due to its dependability, performance, and efficiency, it is in high demand now and will remain so in 2022. If you're a programmer who wants to understand how computers work, C++ is a great language to learn.

Should I learn Java or Python? ›

When opting for a starting point, you should take your goals into account. Java is popular among programmers interested in web development, big data, cloud development, and Android app development. Python is favored by those working in back-end development, app development, data science, and machine learning.

What are the 4 types of programming language? ›

5 major types of programming languages
  • Procedural programming languages. A procedural language follows a sequence of statements or commands in order to achieve a desired output. ...
  • Functional programming languages. ...
  • Object-oriented programming languages. ...
  • Scripting languages. ...
  • Logic programming languages.
30 Sept 2022

Which programming language has more demand in future? ›

Summary. It's clear that Javascript and Typescript really dominate the developer job market. Javascript and Typescript accounts for a total of 33% of the job offers that explicitly required a programming language. This is huge, meaning that nearly 1 out of 3 job offers required Javascript or Typescript knowledge.

Which programming language is best in 2025? ›

Here are TOP 10 programming languages by popularity according to Stack Overflow survey:
  • JavaScript.
  • SQL.
  • Java.
  • C#
  • PHP.
12 Jan 2020

Can Java beat Python? ›

Java code runs faster than the Python because Java is a compiler based programming language where Python is an interpreted based programming language. Compiler-based programming languages are always faster than interpreted based programming languages. In terms of speed, Java beats python.

Is Java a good choice in 2022? ›

Are you wondering if you should learn Java in 2022? The answer is simple: yes. As the world moves more towards mobile apps and convenience, Java is becoming more and more instrumental as a language. It's one of the strongest languages we see, ranked third most popular with recruiters in the last two years.

Will Java be replaced? ›

Python continues its rise on the list of popular programming languages in the world. In fact, Python was also the most popular programming language of 2018. TIOBE index measures search engine popularity of programming languages and is now out with its June rankings.

Should I use C++ or Python? ›

C++ is faster than Python because it is statically typed, which leads to a faster compilation of code. Python is slower than C++, it supports dynamic typing, and it also uses the interpreter, which makes the process of compilation slower.

Which programming language is best for earning money? ›

Top 10 Highest Paying Programming Languages In India [2022]
  • Objective-C. Explore our Popular Software Engineering Courses. In-Demand Software Development Skills.
  • Kotlin.
  • Ruby on Rails.
  • Perl.
  • C#
  • Python.
  • Java.
  • Swift.
22 Sept 2022

Which pays more Java or Python? ›

Both java and python are well-paid programming languages but somehow python developers get paid more than java developers.

Is Python enough to get a job? ›

Knowing the fundamentals or syntax of Python is not enough to get a job. Employers will look for several other qualities or skills, such as problem-solving skills, communication skills, willingness to learn new tools/technologies, breadth of knowledge in technology, etc.

Which is easy Python or C++? ›

Python leads to one conclusion: Python is better for beginners in terms of its easy-to-read code and simple syntax. Additionally, Python is a good option for web development (backend), while C++ is not very popular in web development of any kind. Python is also a leading language for data analysis and machine learning.

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